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Our Favourite Ways of Understanding the EYFS Part 5: 22 to 36 Months

In our EYFS series we have reached the toddler stage, and as your child is expanding their vocabulary and learning to navigate the world with increasing independence, here's what to expect

 

In the series on the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), we're exploring each stage in detail and helping you understand how they apply directly to your child. This will also help you understand the kinds of things you can be doing with them at home to help them learn.

As a quick reminder, there are 7 stages; 3 primary and 4 specific areas of learning. You will notice the stages overlap - this is an indication that every child will develop at their own rate, and EYFS should be used as a guideline. We have broken each stage into parts so that they are easy to digest and you'll become familiar with what to expect as they start to grow.

Other articles in this series:

EYFS: the Basics
EYFS: Birth to 11 months
EYFS: 8 - 20 months
EYFS: 16 - 26 months

EYFS Primary Areas of Learning 22 to 36 months

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Making relationships

  • I watch what other children are doing before I join in with them.
  • I will go to grown-ups I know when I want a cuddle, when I am upset and/or when I am excited.
  • I am beginning to make friends.

Self confidence and self awareness

  • I can say "goodbye" to you when I have a grown-up I know to help me.
  • I can show you what I want to play with, eat and/or wear.

Managing feelings and behaviour

  • I will go to a grown up I know when I'm feeling sad, scared or worried.
  • I will do or say something when someone I know looks sad, cross, scared or worried.
  • I know that if I take my friend's toy or shout at them they might get upset or cross.
  • I will give my friend a hug if they are upset.
  • I can sometimes stop myself from doing something that I know I shouldn't do.
  • Sometimes I choose to play with toys I like to stop me from feeling upset.
  • I can follow simple routines to help me do things by myself.
  • If you tell me what to do, rather than "no" I am able to do it.

Physical Development

Moving and handling

  • I can run without bumping or tripping.
  • I can squat down on my knees to play and can get up without using my hands.
  • I can climb up a ladder on a small slide or climbing frame or onto a sofa or armchair.
  • I can kick a large ball.
  • I can turn the pages in a book. Sometimes I might turn over more than one page at a time.
  • I can hold a small jug and pour my own drink.
  • I can hold a crayon, pencil or brush and makes lines that go across, up and down or round.
  • When I walk up and down steps, I hold onto the hand rail and move one foot at a time on to the next step until both feet are on.

Health and self-care

  • What to expect from your child's second yearI am beginning to choose to hold objects in one hand more than in the other.
  • I can hold a spoon to pick up my food and put it into my mouth to feed myself.
  • I can drink from a cup with no lid and not spill my drink as I put the cup to my mouth.
  • I can tell you when I need to use the potty/toilet.
  • I know how far I can climb the stairs, slide or climbing frame on my own before I ask for help.
  • I can put on a hat, unzip my coat and take off my unfastened shoes and cardigan/shirt myself.
  • I am starting to wash and dry my own hands.
  • I am starting to sit on a potty/toilet by myself.
  • I can use a set of steps to help me reach the sink or toilet by myself.

Communication and Language Development

Listening and attention

  • I listen to stories when you make noises or use different voices as you read to me.
  • I can recognise sounds by finding or going to the thing or place.
  • I join in with singing songs and rhymes.
  • I stop what I am doing, look at you and listen to you when you say my name.

Understanding

  • When you ask questions like "Who's jumping?" I can point to the right picture to show you I understand action words.
  • I understand long instructions/questions like "Put the bricks away and we'll read a book".
  • I can show you that I understand "who", "what" and "where" when you use short questions like "Who's that?", "What's that?" or "Where is...?"
  • I can point to the right picture/object to show I know describing words such as "big" or "small".

Speaking

  • I can use simple sentences with 3-4 words to say what I'm doing or what's happening.
  • When I talk to you, I talk about different things - what I am doing/have done or what I like.
  • I use objects and gestures to help me explain what I mean when I am talking.
  • I can ask questions such as "what", "where" and "who" when sharing a book or toys.
  • I am starting to use word endings, like "I am going" instead of "I go" and plurals, like "babies" when talking about more than one.

EYFS Specific Areas of Learning 22 to 36 months

Literacy

Reading

  • I have some favourite rhymes and songs.
  • When you read my favourite stories I can join in with words and phrases that appear over and over again.
  • I can tell you the missing word or phrase in stories and rhymes that I know really well, such as "Humpty Dumpty sat on a ..."

Writing

  • I can tell you about the different marks I make in my writing and drawing.
  • I can hold a chunky crayon, pencil, pen or paint brush and makes lines that go across, up and down or round and round.
  • I can draw lines that go across, up and down, round and round and pictures to show numbers and amounts.

Mathematics

Numbers

  • I can give you the right number of objects from a collection when you say "Please give me one" or "Please give me two".
  • I can say some number names in order.
  • I can draw lines that go across, up and down, round and round and pictures to show numbers and amounts.
  • I can show you which group of toys or plate of food has "more".
  • I can use words like "more" and "a lot" to describe amounts of objects.
  • I know that if I add a toy to a collection or some food to my plate I have more and if I take something away I have less.

Shape, space and measure

  • I can point to shapes and patterns in pictures and clothes.
  • I can sort a collection of objects so that ones that are the same shape or size are altogether.
  • I can use words such as "big" and "little" to describe toys, clothes and pictures in a book.
  • I know the order of things that happen every day (such as I get out of bed, I have my breakfast, I get dressed) and can tell you what happens next.

Understanding the World

People and communities

  • I can recognise photos of my friends, family and other special people and tell you who they are.
  • I am beginning to make friends.
  • I can talk about how I am the same and different from other people based on my familiar experiences, such as what I like to eat or what clothes I wear.

The world

  • I can play with toys such as toy cars, trains, animals and people and talk about what happens as I play with them.
  • I can talk about what I see when I play outside, such as splashing in puddles or digging in the mud.

Technology

  • I can switch electronic toys on, such as a torch or remote control car, and know how to press buttons or switches to make something happen.
  • I can make toys, such as a wind-up toy, move.

Expressive Art and Design

Exploring and using media and materials

  • I join in with singing my favourite songs and rhymes.
  • I can explore the different sounds I can make using musical instruments or everyday objects such as spoons, pots and plastic bowls.
  • I join in with dancing to songs and when I hear musical instruments being played.
  • I can explore what happens when I use different types of paint, pens, pencils, crayons, paper, glue and children's scissors.

Being imaginative

Understanding your child's development from 22 to 36 months
  • I can tell you what the different marks I make in my drawings are.
  • I can use toys and clothes to pretend familiar, everyday routines, such as cooking or looking after a baby or play out pretend roles that I am interested in, such as being a fire fighter or a princess.
 
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